The Best Programming Languages to Learn First

There is no thing such is instant learning. Learning to code for the first time is kind of like learning a foreign language – you will need more time to understand the context for why something is done that way. To do so, you have to choose one language, dig deeper into it, and see if it’s interesting for you. When you learn the language well, you will eventually boost your knowledge by learning another one.

Now that you decided to become a developer, you have to choose do you want to become a front-end or back-end developer? As a front-end programmer, you need to have some artistic vision to present the data, while as a back-end developer you will have to use the logical side of programming and to love working with data. As you may know, knowing just one language isn’t always enough, especially if you want to become a full-stack developer one day. If that is your goal, you should be able to know the front-end and back-end technologies and how to apply them correctly.

Companies usually require more programming languages, but it’s important to focus on the one at the beginning.

Next, ask yourself in what kind of company do you want to work? If you want to work in a startup company, Python and JavaScript are a good choice for you, but if you want to work in the corporate world, Java and PHP are better choices for you.

How long does it take to learn programming language?

The most popular question how long does it take to learn programming is a difficult one. It depends on you, but the fact is that even somebody who has been a programmer for 10 years is still learning. Some would say that after 10 weeks of learning you can have some picture of the language, but you can’t expect to become a programmer in a few weeks.

  • The difference between junior, medior and senior developers is that juniors can solve some difficult problem in 5 days, mediors in two, while seniors developers can finish the task in a few hours. So, don’t expect to build something big at the beginning, but focus on a learning process.

Which programming language should you learn first?

Maybe these criteria could work for you when choosing programming language:

  • How popular is the language on the job market?
  • How easy is to learn it?
  • What kind of project can you bring to life while learning

In this article, you can find answers to these questions, but keep in mind that these are all useful languages that will bring you closer to your goal if you’re committed enough.


Python tutorials are the first on the list of Google search in 2019. among the number of programming languages. Since it’s trending, there will be a lot of job opportunities once you master it. Many IT professionals would recommend junior developers to learn Python first, and then to dig deeper into other languages. Why? Python is fast, easy-to-use, easy-to-deploy, and it’s being widely used to develop scalable web applications. It can be used both as back-end as well as front-end. One of the most popular Python-based web development frameworks are Django, Pyramid, and Turbo Gear. Maybe you didn’t know, but YouTube, Instagram, Pinterest, SurveyMonkey are all built in Python.

The PYPL PopularitY of Programming Language Index is created by analyzing how often language tutorials are searched on Google

Python courses:

Learn Python – On this website, you can find all the necessary information – from basics to advanced tips. It’s well organised, so you won’t have to worry if you skipped some steps. They also have a Facebook group where developers are discussing their problems, so they are open to your questions.

Hackr.io – Here you can find trending courses for any language, so choose the course that is recommended by other programmers and start your Python journey. From Python Bible, to complete Python Masterclass, free or paid courses, you can find everything here.


According to Stack OverFlow survey, for the sixth year in a row, this front-end programming language is the most commonly used. Moreover, JavaScript is rapidly expanding into areas like game development and the (IOT) Internet of things. JavaScript is everywhere – it allows you to build a desktop app, a mobile app, a web app, and even VR apps. Whether you start from this language or some other, you will probably have to learn JavaScript eventually. It’s widely used and job opportunities are great for those who are skilled at programming in JavaScript. However, the market is highly competitive so it might be hard for you to find a job as a junior developer.

While Java and C++ as are usually recommended first languages on universities, they’re considerably harder to learn than JavaScript.

Most popular technologies used by professional developers

JavaScript courses:

JavaScript – You may get curious about learning JavaScript once you enter this website. This is an interesting and interactive way to learn this programming language because they ask you to try coding in JavaScript right away. You can measure your skills or learn to code from scratches. Whether you want to know more about strings, numbers, booleans, or objects, you can just click on the category and learn.

LearnJS  – This website is organised in chapters, so you can just skip chapters that you think that you have already mastered. You can execute code right away and check a solution. Learn-js.org is still under construction, but it’s still a good way to start learning.


It’s a bit harder to learn Java than Python and JavaScript, but it’s still considered easy for beginners. As an object-oriented language, Java is widely used for building enterprise-scale web applications, in Android App Development, and it allows you to create interactive websites. It’s one of the most stable and reliable ways to build large systems. If you want to work at large tech companies, Java will be very useful for you. While JavaScript is on the top of the list of the most popular technologies among professional developers, while Java is on the 5th place. Since this is a language with a respectable background, it has one of the biggest global communities and it would be easy for you to find answers if you’re stuck.

The most used programming languages in 2019; Source: TIOBE

Java curses:


Because they claim that you won’t become a programmer by reading books, CodeGym chose to base 80% of their Java programming course on practice. There are 1200 practical tasks of increasing complexity and solutions can be checked within seconds. After 500+ hours of practical experience, you will definitely understand the concept of Java. There is also a group where you can chat with users.


This is one of the most popular platforms where you can find almost every programming language, and it’s highly recommended by developers. It’s pretty simple: once you read a task, write code and run it to see what happens. Then you can move to the next step. Continue like that until you become a pro!

How to Prepare for Java Developer Interview: 25 Commonly Used Questions


Python or PHP – this is a trending question in 2019. They both offer many learning opportunities in the form of easy-to-use syntax validation tools. PHP is good for better job prospects and technical resources, while Python is easiest among two to acquire for the project. Nevertheless, learning PHP is a good way to start your programming journey as a back-end developer because it’s easy to conceptualize what the PHP code will do. Also, the market still needs a large number of PHP developers.

This language is used as the foundation of Content Management Systems for WordPress and other websites like Facebook and Wikipedia, and you can perform tasks such as creating templates and graphics, command line scripting, developing desktop operations, and more.

PHP might not be on the top of these lists, but market still needs a large number of PHP developers.

PHP courses:

W3schools – At W3Schools you will find complete references of all PHP functions, but you can also exercise and see examples of the code. When you’re finished with basics, you can learn more about advanced topics – multidimensional arrays, sessions, filters, and more.

SoloLearn – PHP tutorial allows a user to develop websites and create dynamic web pages with dynamic content. Unlock new achievements every day, and open new and even more interactive levels.

Conclusion: Set your goal

There are so many things that you should learn and it might be confusing for you. In the beginning, you might feel like your head is gonna explode, but that will pass if set your goal, organise yourself, and stick to the plan.

  • Decide which language you want to learn
  • Set daily goals
  • Don’t use just one platform for learning -search for answers everywhere
  • Don’t try to learn two technologies at once

So, don’t look for answers on just one platform. Many people had already asked the same questions that you have right now, so google it or ask people on Quora or Reddit. Next, learning two languages at once can be confusing for a beginner because it can demotivate you and lead to burnout. Remember, you need time to process the information and see how everything works on practice.

If you have any question, our IT recruiters are always happy to help. Good luck!